Root Canal Treatment, also known as Endodontic Treatment is the treatment of the root canals of a tooth. The aim of root canal treatment is to remove infection and/or pain and to fill the root canals to prevent further infection.
The root canal is a thin channel that exists in the roots of the teeth. Normally these channels are filled with nerves and blood vessels that supply the tooth. The root canal system may become compromised (infected and/or painful) and need root canal treatment.
The most common cause of a tooth infection is tooth decay, tooth trauma, or a poorly fitting restoration such as a filling or a crown.
These conditions can cause bacteria to enter the pulp of the tooth. The blood vessels and nerves reside in the pulp of the tooth. They become inflamed and begin to die. The dead cells and bacteria progress to form an infection.